JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) and NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) are two of the most significant competitive exams in India. JEE is for students aspiring to pursue engineering courses, while NEET is for those seeking admission to medical and dental programs. Both exams play a crucial role in shaping the careers of millions of students annually.

Comparison table : JEE and NEET

Full FormJoint Entrance ExaminationNational Eligibility cum Entrance Test
Conducting BodyNational Testing Agency (NTA)National Testing Agency (NTA)
PurposeAdmission to undergraduate engineering programsAdmission to undergraduate medical and dental programs
Exam LevelsJEE Main and JEE AdvancedSingle level
FrequencyJEE Main: Twice a year; JEE Advanced: Once a yearOnce a year
Eligibility12th pass or appearing with PCM12th pass or appearing with PCB
Age LimitNo age limitMinimum 17 years old on or before 31st December of admission year
Exam ModeComputer-based test (online)Pen and paper-based test (offline)
Exam DurationJEE Main: 3 hours; JEE Advanced: 2 sessions of 3 hours each3 hours
Total QuestionsJEE Main: 75 (B.E/B.Tech); JEE Advanced: Varies200
Subjects CoveredPhysics, Chemistry, MathematicsPhysics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany and Zoology)
Marking SchemeJEE Main: +4 for correct, -1 for incorrect; JEE Advanced: Varies+4 for correct, -1 for incorrect
Language OptionsHindi, English, Gujarati, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Assamese, Tamil, Urdu, TeluguHindi, English, and 11 regional languages
Total MarksJEE Main: 300; JEE Advanced: 360720
Difficulty LevelVery HighHigh
Number of Attempts AllowedJEE Main: 2 per year; JEE Advanced: 2 in lifetime3 attempts
Qualifying PercentileGeneral: 90.3; OBC-NCL/GEN-EWS: 81.2; SC/ST/PwD: 50.2 (for JEE Advanced)General: 50th percentile; Reserved categories: 40th percentile
Number of CandidatesApproximately 9-10 lakh for JEE Main; 2.5 lakh for JEE AdvancedApproximately 15-18 lakh
Top InstitutionsIITs, NITs, IIITs, CFTIsAIIMS, JIPMER, Government Medical Colleges
Counselling ProcessJoSAA (Joint Seat Allocation Authority)State-wise and All India Quota Counselling
SyllabusNCERT (11th and 12th) + Advanced topicsNCERT (11th and 12th)
Preparation TimeGenerally 2 years (11th and 12th standard)Generally 2 years (11th and 12th standard)
Exam PatternMCQs and Numerical Value QuestionsMCQs only
Negative MarkingYesYes
Result DeclarationUsually within 3-4 weeks after the examUsually within 3-4 weeks after the exam
Validity of ScoreJEE Main: Same year; JEE Advanced: Same year3 years
Application FeeGeneral: ₹1000; Female/Reserved: ₹500 (approx.)General: ₹1600; Reserved: ₹900 (approx.)
Exam CentersPan India and abroadPan India
Reservation PolicyAs per government normsAs per government norms
Cut-off TrendsVaries yearly, highly competitiveVaries yearly, highly competitive
Coaching IndustryExtensive, highly developedExtensive, highly developed
Study MaterialNCERT books, reference books, online resourcesNCERT books, reference books, online resources
Mock Tests AvailabilityAbundantAbundant
Online Preparation PlatformsMany options availableMany options available
Career ProspectsEngineering fields, IT sector, researchMedical practice, research, allied health fields
Foreign University RecognitionRecognized by many foreign universitiesRecognized by many foreign universities for MBBS
Exam Stress LevelVery highVery high
Parental PressureOften significantOften significant
Coaching ExpensesCan be very highCan be very high
Time Management Skills RequiredCrucialCrucial
Problem-Solving Skills TestedExtensiveModerate
Memorization RequiredModerateExtensive
Application of ConceptsHigh emphasisModerate emphasis
Practical Knowledge TestedLimitedLimited
Analytical Skills RequiredHighModerate
Speed and AccuracyCrucialCrucial
Tie-Breaking CriteriaSubject-wise scores, ageSubject-wise scores, age
Exam Day RequirementsAdmit card, valid ID proofAdmit card, valid ID proof, recent passport size photo
Dress CodeComfortable clothing, no metal objectsComfortable clothing, no shoes with thick soles
Calculators AllowedNoNo
Biometric VerificationYesYes
Exam Day Reporting TimeAt least 1 hour before exam startAt least 1 hour before exam start
Question Paper Review OptionAvailable for JEE MainNot available
Answer Key ReleaseProvisional answer key released for challengesProvisional answer key released for challenges
Scholarships Based on ExamVarious government and private scholarshipsVarious government and private scholarships
State-level CounsellingAvailableAvailable
All India Rank (AIR)ProvidedProvided
Subject-wise PercentileProvidedProvided
Normalization of ScoresApplied in JEE MainNot applicable (single session exam)
Exam Postponement HistoryOccasional, due to various factorsOccasional, due to various factors
COVID-19 ImpactExam patterns and schedules affectedExam patterns and schedules affected
Online ProctoringImplemented for some sessionsNot implemented
Exam Security MeasuresStrictStrict
Paper Leak IncidentsRare, but have occurredRare, but have occurred
Social Media PresenceActive discussions and support groupsActive discussions and support groups
Government Initiatives for PreparationFree coaching, online resourcesFree coaching, online resources
Impact on Private College AdmissionsSignificantSignificant
Regional Language Paper DifficultyReported to varyReported to vary
Gender Disparity in ApplicantsMale candidates generally outnumber femalesMore balanced gender ratio
Exam Rescheduling OptionsLimitedLimited
Special Arrangements for PwD CandidatesAvailableAvailable
Exam Center AllotmentBased on preferences and availabilityBased on preferences and availability
Result Verification ProcessAvailableAvailable
Exam Day InstructionsStrictly enforcedStrictly enforced
Post-Exam CounsellingAvailableAvailable
Impact on State-level Entrance ExamsMany states accept JEE scoresMany states accept NEET scores
Preparation Books MarketExtensiveExtensive
Mobile Apps for PreparationNumerous optionsNumerous options
YouTube Channels for PreparationMany dedicated channelsMany dedicated channels
Impact on School Education FocusOften leads to neglect of school curriculumOften leads to neglect of school curriculum
Psychological Counselling ServicesIncreasingly availableIncreasingly available
Parent Orientation ProgramsConducted by some coaching institutesConducted by some coaching institutes
Exam Pattern ChangesOccasionalRare
Exam Conducting Agency ChangesShifted from CBSE to NTAShifted from CBSE to NTA
International Student ParticipationAllowed for JEE Main, restrictions for AdvancedAllowed with certain conditions
Aadhaar Card RequirementMandatory for Indian residentsMandatory for Indian residents
Result Validity for Private CollegesAccepted by many private collegesAccepted by many private colleges
Impact on Brain DrainSignificant, as top rankers often go abroadRelatively less, as medical practice often local
Political Debates Around ExamFrequent, especially regarding language and syllabusFrequent, especially regarding state quotas
Legal Challenges to ExamOccasionalFrequent
Impact on Coaching City EconomiesSignificant in cities like KotaSignificant in various cities
Exam as a Life EventOften considered a major life milestoneOften considered a major life milestone
Media CoverageExtensiveExtensive
Celebrity Endorsements for PreparationCommonCommon
Impact on Student Migration Within IndiaSignificantSignificant
Exam-specific Health ConcernsEye strain, stress-related issuesEye strain, stress-related issues
Post-Exam Career GuidanceAvailable through various channelsAvailable through various channels
Impact on Family DynamicsOften significantOften significant
Socio-Economic Impact on AspirantsCan be substantialCan be substantial

Note: Last update to this comparison table: April 2024.

Please note that exam patterns, schedules, and other details may change over time. It’s always recommended to check the official websites of JEE ( and NEET ( for the most current and accurate information.